October 11, 2022
Contributing Author: Dr. Sana Qureshi, MD
Refractive errors are a common eye condition that occurs when the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing directly on the retina (the light-sensitive layer of tissue in the back of the eye). In the United States, refractive errors are one of the most common—and easily correctable—causes of vision impairment. According to the National Eye Institute (NEI), it’s estimated that over 150 million adults in the US struggle with refractive errors.
LASIK is the most common vision correction procedure to address refractive errors such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. This surgery involves using a special laser to precisely alter the shape of the cornea in order to improve vision and reduce or eliminate the need for corrective lenses. Many people choose LASIK because of its reputation as a safe elective procedure with an extremely high satisfaction rate. An estimated 700,000 LASIK procedures are performed in the United States each year.
The best way to determine whether or not LASIK is right for you is to have a detailed in-person consultation and evaluation. In general, the basic requirements for LASIK eye surgery include:
Refractive errors occur when the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing properly. The cause could be the length of the eye, changes in the shape of the cornea, or a thicker or thinner lens. Blurred vision, double vision, squinting, headaches, or eye strain are some of the symptoms of refractive errors. There are four common types of refractive errors:
LASIK is typically not recommended for presbyopia. However, some patients with presbyopia may choose to undercorrect the non-dominant eye , thus correcting one eye for distance and the other for near vision.
The preoperative LASIK evaluation is an extremely important and structured evaluation used to determine if a patient is a good candidate for LASIK. This evaluation uses several advanced technologies to take precise measurements of the eye.
The following tests are performed during this evaluation:
It’s important to perform a comprehensive medical and ocular history to rule out diseases that could influence LASIK surgery outcomes. Diabetes, autoimmune disorders, and collagen vascular diseases are all examples of systemic diseases that can hinder the healing process.
In addition to your medical history, your doctor may also inquire about the following:
Here at OOMC, our patient’s well-being is our priority. Our dedicated team of surgeons and staff always makes an effort to create a safe and secure environment where you can easily access care comfortably and confidently.
Contact one of our centers nearest to you for further information.
Corneal Associates of New Jersey
Kremer Eye Center
Ludwick Eye Center
Omni Eye Services
Phillips Eye Center